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Wednesday, 16 April 2014

The Cosmic Distance Ladder & A Union - Jim Morrison, Hubble's Law, The Birth Of A Creation

A STRANGE UNIVERSE....
                                   
                       
                           STRANGE DAYS ALBUM COVER 1967
                                   
                                             When you're strange                                                                            Faces come out of the rain
                                             When you're strange
                                   No one remembers you're name                                                                      When you're strange
                                             When you're strange
                                             When you're strange

                                                                -Jim Morrison (Strange Days)

The ball appears greenish (blueshifting) when approaching the observer and changes to orange (redshifting) when moving away turning yellow when it stops motion showing the Doppler Effect

Doppler effect, yellow (~575 nm wavelength) ball appears greenish (blueshift to ~565 nm wavelength) approaching observer, turns orange (redshift to ~585 nm wavelength) as it passes, and returns to yellow when motion stops. To observe such a change in color, the object would have to be traveling at approximately 5200km/s, or about 75 times faster than the speed record for the fastest manmade space probe.

WAVE THEORIES

The Doppler Effect examines the change in wavelengths due to the motion of a source which can be best explained by a vehicle (automobile) or a siren sound increasing on approach then decreasing when receding away fom the observer or simply by the example of nature when the motion of swan creats a Doppler Effect around it.

The Doppler Effect states that when a source of light or luminosity moves away (farther) from an observer a Redshift occurs (z> 0) whereas when an object of light or luminosity moves towards (closer) the observer a Blueshift occurs (0> z).

COSMOLOGICAL REDSHIFT

The Redshift occurs when an electromagnetic radiations increase in wavelengths shifting to the red side of the spectrum. The redder or redness refers to the increase in wavelenth resulting in lower photon energy or lower light emissions and low frequency. Cosmological Redshift is used to determine the expansion rate of the extragalactic space paradigm. Hinting at the EXPONENTIAL EXPANSION of our universe.

THE COSMIC DISTANCE LADDER

The image below shows SN 1994D (bright spot on the lower left) in the NGC 4526 galaxy. Image by NSA, ESA, The Hubble Key Project Team, and The High-Z Supernova Search Team                              

Also known as the Extragalactic distance scale is an instrumental method employed by astromers for determining the intermediate space or distance between two celestial objects. The method of direct measurement is employed in case of closer objects (i.e. within the range of 1000 parsecs) whereas for further stars and galaxies the method of direct measurement is employed in correlation along with Type La Supernovae, Redshifts and Hubble's law to achieve more accuracy. Other methods employed include the Standard Candle model using the luminosity or photosphrere of known astronomical objects or by using a Supernovae photosphere analogy.
The ladder analogy is used to describe the inability of any one method to determine or calculate intergalactic space or distance. Hence several methods are conjoined like the rungs of a ladder determining distances at different phases from closer to farther, then combining to calculate the total distance.

THE ORPHIC EGG

The above image depicts The Orphic Egg by Jacob Byrant 1774.
According to Ancient Greek Orphic traditions, The Orphic Egg or The Cosmic World Egg is created by Aion or Chronos (Time) and Ananke (Necessity).The silver egg coiled by a serpent incubates and bursts to give birth to the Hermaphrodite Primordial God Phanes (derived from the Greek word meaning "I bring to Light")  also referred as Protogonos (the First-born) bringing forth the creation along with Nyx (night). Thus, Phanes was heralded as the Primordial god who then passes forth the Royal sceptre to Nyx who in return passes it on to her son Uranos then passing on from Chronos to Zeus who retains it. This Orphic Cosmogenic concept is also referred as Euricapaeus (The birth of Power) or Metis (The birth of thought). The 'Protogonus Theogony' is known through the ancient records of the Derveni Papyrus and also finds mention in the works of the pre-Socratic cosmological and ontological writer Empedocles and among one of the nine cannonical Greek lyric poets Pindar.
IMAGE ON THE RIGHT DEPICTS A 16TH CENTURY SKETCH OF PHANES BY FRANCESCO DE ROSSI


HIRANYAGARBHA

Or the Golden Womb, as according to the Vedic creation myths refers to manifesting the physical cosmos. Post destruction or (mahapralay) the cosmos deluded in void and darkness as mentions the Manu Smriti (Manava Dharmasashtra) referring this state as the Unborn, Unmade, Unmanifested, Und
The Matsya Purana then refers to Narayana in the form of Garbhodakshayi Vishnu who enters the golden egg or fetus in order to manifest the cosmos in the void.
Referring to the Supreme Father or the Creator Himself (Swayambhu) entering the Egg or the womb in order to give birth to this material universe and other multiverses. The womb bearer is identified as the one giving birth to the multiverse, thus becoming the Father. The Sankhya philosophy stating the binary forces of Purusha (Masculine) and Prakriti (Feminine) as the forerunners of this creation also ascribe the feminine forces of Prakriti as the fundamental force for the manifestation and evolution of the physical world operating only through the eyes of the Purusha's consciousness ( the Observer).

GARBODAKSHAYI VISHNU


Recognises the three supreme manifestations of Vishnu or Narayana as in the form of Mahavishnu or the vortex of the creational energy field, Garbhodakshayi Vishnu or the progenitor of the Cosmic Egg Hiranyagarbha and lastly kshirodakshayi Vishnu the Supersoul Universal Observer disseminated among the individual souls of all life and multiverses sprung from Him.
Garbhodakshayi refers to the one contained in the Golden Womb (Hiranyagarbha) in turn manifesting the physical universe.

KALEVALA FINNISH TRADITION


In accordance to the Finnish national epic Kalevala, the creation came into existence as a diving duck laid The Cosmic Egg at the altar of the virgin goddess of air Ilmatar which in turn formed the different aspects of the cosmological universe giving birth to Vainamoinen who the brought trees and life forms onto the barren world as described in the following translated excerpt










THE KALEVALA BOOK COVER BY ELIAS LONNROT FIRST EDITION CIRCA 1835



"One egg's lower half transformed
And became the earth below,
And its upper half transmuted
And became the sky above;
From the yolk the sun was made,
Light of day to shine upon us;
From the white the moon was formed,
Light of night to gleam above us;
All the colored brighter bits
Rose to be the stars of heaven
And the darker crumbs changed into
Clouds and cloudlets in the sky."

THE RIGHT IMAGE DEPICTS A SKETCH OF AN ANCIENT FINNISH HERO AS ETCHED INSIDE THE FRONT COVER OF VOLUME I OF THE KALEVALA ENGLISH TRANSLATION BY JOHN MARTIN CRAWFORD CIRCA 1888


HUBBLE'S LAW - EXTRAGALACTIC ASTRONOMY

This image shows the Hubble Ultra Deep Field 2012, an improved version of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field image featuring additional observation time. The new data have revealed for the first time a population of distant galaxies at redshifts between 9 and 12, including the most distant object observed to date. These galaxies are shown at the top of the picture, and their locations are pinpointed in the main image.                                                                                   




























The Hubble's Law states that recessional velocity of the galaxies increase with their distance farther from the earth, showing the expansion of the universe

The above creation myths are reborn and resurrect through modern science and Extragalactic astronomy as in 1930s with Edwin Hubble and the Big Bang Theory which points to the expanding universe also predicted by Albert Einstein's General relativity. As according to the modern cosmological model this universe is 13.8 billion years old emerged from a higly gravitational point of singularity referring to the concept of the Cosmic Egg bursting or exploding The Big Bang to form what we call our Universe.....

THE HYMN

The following hymn is taken fom Hiranyagarbha Sukta as mentioned in the Rig Veda with translations


hiraṇyagarbhaḥ samavartatāgre bhūtasya jātaḥ patirekāsīta |

sa dādhāra pṛthvīṃ dhyāmutemāṃ kasmai devāyahaviṣā vidhema ||

ya ātmadā baladā yasya viśva upāsate praśiṣaṃ yasyadevāḥ |

yasya chāyāmṛtaṃ yasya martyuḥ kasmai devāyahaviṣā vidhema ||

yaḥ prāṇato nimiṣato mahitvaika idrājā jagato babhūva |
ya īśe asya dvipadaścatuṣpadaḥ kasmai devāya haviṣāvidhema ||

yasyeme himavanto mahitvā yasya samudraṃ rasayā sahāhuḥ |
yasyemāḥ paradiśo yasya bāhū kasmai devāya haviṣavidhema II

yena dayaurugrā parthivī ca darḻhā yena sava satabhitaṃ yenanākaḥ |
yo antarikṣe rajaso vimānaḥ kasmai devāyahaviṣā vidhema ||

yaṃ karandasī avasā tastabhāne abhyaikṣetāṃ manasārejamāne |
yatrādhi sūra udito vibhāti kasmai devāyahaviṣā vidhema ||

āpo ha yada barhatīrviśvamāyana garbhaṃ dadhānājanayantīragnima|
tato devānāṃ samavartatāsurekaḥkasmai devāya haviṣā vidhema ||

yaścidāpo mahinā paryapaśyada dakṣaṃ dadhānājanayantīryajñama |
yo deveṣvadhi deva eka āsīta kasmaidevāya haviṣā vidhema ||

mā no hiṃsījjanitā yaḥ parthivyā yo vā divaṃsatyadharmā jajāna |
yaścāpaścandrā barhatīrjajānakasmai devāya haviṣā vidhema ||

parajāpate na tavadetānyanyo viśvā jātāni pari tābabhūva |
yatkāmāste juhumastana no astu vayaṃ sayāma patayorayīṇāma ||

TRANSLATION BY RALPH T.H. GRIFFITH  THE RIG VEDA


In the beginning was the Divinity in his splendour, manifested as the sole Lord of land, skies, water, space and that beneath and He upheld the earth and the heavens.
Who is the deity we shall worship with our offerings?
It is that who bestows soul-force and vigor, whose guidance all men invoke, the Devas (Demigods) invoke whose shadow is immortal life and death.
Who is the deity we shall worship with our offerings?
It is that who by His greatness became the One King of the breathing and the seeing, who is the Lord of man and bird and beast.
Who is the deity we shall worship with our offerings?
It is that through whose glory the snow-clad mountains rose, and the ocean spread with the river, they say. His arms are the quarters of the sky.
Who is the deity we shall worship with our offerings ?
It is that through whom the heaven is strong and the earth firm, who has steadied the light and the sky's vault, and measured out the sphere of clouds in the mid-region.
Who is the deity we shall worship with our offering?
It is that to whom heaven and earth, placed in the light by his grace, look up, radiant with the mind while over them the sun, rising, brightly shines.
Who is the deity we shall worship with our offerings?
When the mighty waters came, carrying the universal germ, producing the flame of life, then dwelt there in harmony the One Spirit of the Devas.
Who is the deity we shall worship with our offerings?
It is that xwho in its might surveyed the waters, conferring skill and creating worship - That, the God of gods, the One and only One.
Who is the deity we shall worship with our offerings?
Mother of the world - may that not destroy us who with Truth as his Law made the heavens and produced waters, vast and beautiful.
Who is the deity we shall worship with our offerings?
Lord of creation! No one other than thee pervades all these that have come into being.
May that be ours, for which our prayers rise, may we be masters of many treasures!


This strange world with Jim alive and breathing yet remains a mystery to ponder upon ....

Ending with the lines of 'The Crystal Ship' by Jim

           





  The days are bright & filled with pain
                       Enclose me in your gentle rain
                    The time you ran was too insane
                   We'll meet again, We'll meet again
                       
                              Oh! Tell me where your freedom lies
                                    The street are fields that never die
                            Deliver me from the reason why
                                    You'd rather cry, i'd rather fly.....
           
                               ........A thousand ways to spend your time
                                                When we get back i'll drop a line........